Type to search

Deep Dive: India’s Citizenship Amendment Act and why it’s problematic

Deep Dive: India’s Citizenship Amendment Act and why it’s problematic

Mehreen Zahra-Malik
Share

The Indian government’s Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 seeks to amend the definition of illegal immigrants for Hindu, Sikh, Parsi, Buddhist and Christian immigrants from India’s neighbouring countries.

Since the announcement of this act, protests have broken out across India with many of them becoming violent and many protesters getting arrested. The Act, which was initially tabled as a Bill before being passed by both houses, has become one of the most controversial pieces of legislation due to it’s discriminatory nature.

Why is the CAA viewed as discriminatory?

The objective of the Act is to make it easier for non-Muslim immigrants from India’s three major Muslim-majoity neighbours (Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan) to become Indian citizens. Although the Act isn’t explicitly discriminatory, it provides protection to Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians and Parsis facing religious discrimination from these three nations thereby excluding Muslims.

This amendment is of the Citizenship Act, 1955 which requires the applicant to have resided in India for 11 of the previous 14 years. The amendment relaxes this requirement from 11 years to six years, for Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians from the three nations, again excluding Muslims.

What’s going on with the protests

There are two kinds of protests that are taking place across India right now, against the Act. In the northeast, the protest is against the Act’s implementation in their areas. Most of them fear that if implemented, the Act will cause a rush of immigrants that may alter their demographic and linguistic uniqueness.

In the rest of India, like in Kerala, West Bengal and in Delhi, people are protesting against the exclusion of Muslims, alleging it to be against the ethos of the Constitution.

Why is the Act being viewed as unconstitutional?

When India became independent in 1947, its founders sought to create a secular nation where all religions were welcome. This is in contrast with Pakistan, which was conceived as a home for the subcontinent’s Muslims. By giving preference to certain religions in citizenship law, the government is moving away from that ethos.

Moreover, the introduction of this law is deepening worries that Indian PM Modi, who is the leader of the ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party, is pursuing policies that will effectively turn India’s Muslim minority into second-class citizens. These fears were intensified in August 2019 when the Indian government revoked the partial autonomy of Kashmir from the Indian constitution. Then, in November 2019, Modi allowed for the construction of a Hindu temple at the site of a 16th-century mosque illegally destroyed by Hindi extremists.

Why does the Indian government believe this law is necessary

The Modi government is under the belief that the law is a humanitarian measure aimed at helping persecuted religious minorities from three neighboring countries who have entered India. These communities have faced hardship and, at times, violence in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, all Muslim-majority nations, and the government says India has a moral responsibility to help them.

Opponents to the law however, state several problems with the government’s logic. The first flaw is the fact that the law only applies to migrants who entered India by 2014 and does not help religious minorities living in those countries. The second is that the government has restricted its concern to religious minorities, not members of other types of persecuted communities.

International reactions to the CAA

The International sphere has expressed serious issues with the law. International observers have expressed serious concerns about the measure. The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom said the legislation marked a “dangerous turn” and called upon Congress and President Trump to consider sanctions against Amit Shah, Modi’s powerful minister of home affairs. The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights said the law was “fundamentally discriminatory” and appears “to undermine the commitment to equality before the law enshrined in India’s constitution.”

Protests against the Act have exceeded beyond India, taking place in the United States and Britain. More than 10,000 academics issued a statement condemning police brutality against students and calling the citizenship law “discriminatory and unjust.”

Keep up to date with more news at ProperGaanda: Pakistan’s shift from being the most dangerous country to the number one travel spot

Tags::

You Might also Like

41 Comments

  1. frolep rotrem March 9, 2020

    An interesting discussion is worth comment. I think that you should write more on this topic, it might not be a taboo subject but generally people are not enough to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

    Reply
  2. Visum Russland March 17, 2020

    You have mentioned very interesting points! ps decent internet site.

    Reply
  3. loose fat March 18, 2020

    Thank you for sharing with us, I conceive this website truly stands out : D.

    Reply
  4. Smartphone telematics March 18, 2020

    I happen to be commenting to let you understand of the brilliant experience my wife’s child developed checking your blog. She came to find too many details, not to mention how it is like to possess an amazing giving heart to have many more smoothly know just exactly several complicated subject areas. You actually did more than our desires. Thank you for rendering such priceless, healthy, edifying not to mention fun tips about your topic to Emily.

    Reply
  5. housewiveshd March 21, 2020

    After research a few of the weblog posts in your web site now, and I really like your means of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark web site checklist and can be checking again soon. Pls try my site as well and let me know what you think.

    Reply
  6. best site April 2, 2020

    What¦s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It positively useful and it has helped me out loads. I am hoping to contribute & assist other users like its helped me. Good job.

    Reply
  7. easy prize [url=http://cialisles.com/#]generic cialis without a doctor[/url]
    later quiet widely pie cialis generic pharmacy online the country generic cialis
    without a doctor better wind http://cialisles.com/

    Reply
  8. smoretraiolit April 15, 2020

    You could certainly see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. At all times go after your heart.

    Reply
  9. generic ventolin April 16, 2020

    alone bench [url=https://amstyles.com/#]generic ventolin[/url] occasionally
    character effectively discussion albuterol inhaler for sale generic closely wait generic ventolin exactly tie https://amstyles.com/

    Reply
  10. viagra suppliers April 16, 2020

    cheap viagra 100mg [url=https://viagenupi.com/#]viagra
    suppliers[/url] buy viagra online usa viagra
    suppliers buy cheap viagra https://viagenupi.com/

    Reply
  11. see April 23, 2020

    Perfectly indited subject matter, Really enjoyed examining.

    Reply
  12. Everything is very open and very clear explanation of issues. was truly information. Your website is very useful. Thanks for sharing.

    Reply
  13. buy viagra 50mg April 28, 2020

    simply resident [url=http://viacheapusa.com/#]buy viagra 50mg[/url] twice
    specialist literally box best price generic viagra
    effectively buyer buy viagra 50mg loud championship http://viacheapusa.com/

    Reply
  14. linked here May 3, 2020

    Does your site have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but, I’d like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.

    Reply
  15. bdntCalry May 20, 2020

    generic viagra [url=https://www.genericviragacheap.com/]п»їviagra[/url] cheap viagra viagra buy viagra

    Reply
  16. gwbqAtori May 21, 2020

    viagra without a doctor prescription [url=https://zvigariageneric.com/]generic viagra[/url] viagra generic viagra online viagra

    Reply
  17. linked here May 21, 2020

    Hey very nice site!! Man .. Excellent .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your website and take the feeds also…I am happy to find so many useful info here in the post, we need develop more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

    Reply
  18. check my blog May 21, 2020

    Thanks a lot for sharing this with all of us you actually know what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Please also visit my website =). We could have a link exchange arrangement between us!

    Reply
  19. dbniInfam May 22, 2020

    generic cialis [url=https://valcialisns.com/]cialis online[/url] online cialis cialis generic п»їcialis

    Reply
  20. loppSoype May 22, 2020

    viagra [url=https://buyonlinewwwmen.com/]cheap viagra[/url] viagra generic п»їviagra generic viagra

    Reply
  21. vsbhAtori May 22, 2020

    generic viagra [url=https://genericjojos.com/]viagra[/url] viagra online viagra without doctor prescription viagra

    Reply
  22. mejzisolo May 22, 2020

    cialis price [url=http://pharmcilisa.com/]cialis pills[/url] cialis reviews generic cialis cialis online

    Reply
  23. grlsuteds May 23, 2020

    viagra [url=https://medyvirgaraonline.com/]viagra[/url] viagra viagra generic viagra

    Reply
  24. bfbnSlomo May 23, 2020

    viagra [url=https://sexviagen.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url] generic viagra generic viagra viagra

    Reply
  25. lqbtbisolo May 24, 2020

    cialis online [url=http://genericcialls.com/]cialis online[/url] cialis cialis cialis

    Reply
  26. bdghsponi May 25, 2020

    cheap cialis [url=http://www.ciallisonline.com/]generic cialis[/url] cialis online generic cialis cialis

    Reply
  27. lopldCalry May 27, 2020

    buy cialis [url=https://cialisfw.com/]generic cialis[/url] buy cialis online cialis cialis online

    Reply
  28. blbqAtori May 27, 2020

    viagra online [url=https://emtpartsstore.com/]viagra[/url] buy viagra generic viagra viagra online

    Reply
  29. miqqAtori May 29, 2020

    viagra [url=https://cheapnowaaaa.com/]viagra[/url] viagra viagra cheap viagra

    Reply
  30. jrnfuteds May 29, 2020

    online viagra [url=https://canadianpharmacyfda.com/]viagra online[/url] viagra viagra online viagra

    Reply
  31. lqnuSlomo May 30, 2020

    generic cialis [url=https://cialisovnnc.com/]generic cialis[/url] online cialis cialis online cialis

    Reply
  32. bfzaiInfam May 31, 2020

    generic viagra [url=https://viagrapfhze.com/]п»їviagra[/url] п»їviagra viagra viagra

    Reply
  33. ndghsponi June 3, 2020

    viagra online [url=https://viagraveikd.com/]п»їviagra[/url] viagra buy viagra п»їviagra

    Reply
  34. useful source June 5, 2020

    As a Newbie, I am permanently exploring online for articles that can help me. Thank you

    Reply
  35. you could try this out June 14, 2020

    As I website possessor I believe the content material here is rattling fantastic , appreciate it for your efforts. You should keep it up forever! Best of luck.

    Reply
  36. svolrfinotews June 20, 2020

    My spouse and i have been so fortunate that Edward could round up his web research while using the ideas he obtained from your very own web page. It is now and again perplexing to just possibly be offering points which most people could have been trying to sell. We really take into account we need the blog owner to thank for this. All the illustrations you made, the easy web site navigation, the relationships your site aid to engender – it’s most powerful, and it’s assisting our son in addition to us reason why that concept is excellent, and that’s tremendously indispensable. Thanks for the whole lot!

    Reply
  37. svolrfino tews June 20, 2020

    Some really superb posts on this web site, thankyou for contribution.

    Reply
  38. this link June 27, 2020

    Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is really informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

    Reply
  39. accrual accounting July 4, 2020

    Good write-up. I absolutely love this website. Keep it up!

    Reply
  40. Online Viagra July 6, 2020

    Leading Online Pharmacy – Contact us at +1 (917) 259-3352 for unbelievable rates, discount and offers on any medicine. Get it delivered free of cost at your door steps, call us today. Phone : +1 (917) 259-3352

    Reply
  41. browse this site July 6, 2020

    Hi, just required you to know I he added your site to my Google bookmarks due to your layout. But seriously, I believe your internet site has 1 in the freshest theme I??ve came across. It extremely helps make reading your blog significantly easier.

    Reply

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *