In Pakistan, it is illegal to eat, smoke or drink in public during the month of Ramzan. And carries a sentence of up to three months in jail and a fine for people who drink or eat publicly. I could go on a rant about why this is problematic on so many levels (and I will one day), but for now I’d rather highlight other issues that the Pakistani government should be focusing on. When it comes to religious doctrine, laws are passed and taken care of with the highest efficiency every!
If only our law makers could work as fast on situations that actually could do some good for the people. Here are a couple of problems Pakistani law makers need to address right now!
Terrorism in Pakistan has become a major and highly destructive phenomenon in recent years. The post-9/11 War on Terrorism in Pakistan has had two principal elements: the government’s battle with jihad groups banned after the attacks in New York, and the U.S. pursuit of Al-Qaeda, usually (but not always) in co-operation with Pakistani forces.
In 2004, the Pakistani army launched a pursuit of Al-Qaeda members in the mountainous area of Waziristan on the Afghan border, although sceptics question the sincerity of this pursuit. Clashes there erupted into a low-level conflict with Islamic militants and local tribesmen, sparking the Waziristan War. A short-lived truce known as the Waziristan accord was brokered in September 2006, which indicated Pakistan’s reluctance to fight Islamic militia.
As a result, the army and government took a much harder stance against terrorism, making the situation better. However, after today’s attack, clearly did problem is not finished. Terrorist attacks staged in Pakistan have killed over 67,000 people, 5,000 of which are law enforcement personnel, and caused material damage to the Pakistani economy totaling $67 billion.
The status of women in Pakistan is one of systemic gender subordination even though it varies considerably across classes, regions, and the rural/urban divide due to uneven socioeconomic development and the impact of tribal, feudal, and capitalist social formations on women’s lives.
In modern Pakistan, women have held high offices including that of the Prime Minister, Speaker of the National Assembly, Leader of the Opposition, as well as federal ministers, judges, and generals in the armed forces. However, this doesn’t mean the situation is perfect. Just recently, the AuratMarch women faced so much hate and criticism from society. We need to shift our society’s priorities.
Pakistan is suffering from a fatal problem known as “Establishment”. Every vital department in Pakistan is controlled by the so called “Establishment”. Establishment is a network of key positions in almost all the departments in the country. This network provides support and safe backing to their “touts” to ensure that they remain in control. The roots of this establishment may very well be deep inside underworld and secret agencies of the dominating nations.
It is interesting to note that due to the international interference and manipulation the very same people that we label as corrupt just some time ago, blame and rebuke, come back to govern us after a couple of years again and people welcome them with open arms.
This is probably also the main reason why the political process in Pakistan is not let to prosper. Soon after its inception loyal politicians were removed from the mainstream and only dummy agents and rubber stamps are put in place, while all the decisions are made outside the country. Transparency International’s 2017 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country 117th place out of 180 countries
The State Bank of Pakistan has estimated that across all major cities, urban housing was approximately 4.4 million units short of demand in 2015.
Even if urban population remains stagnant, the growing trend of nuclear families who seek housing separate from larger families will increase pressure on housing supply.
When provided, housing is often low quality. Pakistan ranks eighth among the ten countries that collectively hold 60 percent of substandard housing across the world. Karachi, one of the world’s fastest growing megacities with an estimated 17 million people, ranks second lowest in South Asia and sixth lowest in the world on the Economist Intelligence Unit’s 2015 livability index.
In most Pakistani cities, water is supplied only four to 16 hours per day and to only 50 percent of the population. According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB), 90 percent of water supply schemes are unsafe for drinking. Shared latrines among households are common in cities and access to solid waste management services remains low. In the most population-dense areas of Karachi, one toilet is shared between twenty people. The World Bank estimates that poor sanitation costs Pakistan around 3.9 percent of GDP; diarrhea-related death and disease among children under five being the largest contributors.
With the exception of immunization, utilization of basic public health services is very low in urban areas.
Poor health outcomes are also a direct impact of the pollution caused by rapid urbanization. According to the World Health Organization, Karachi is the most polluted city in Pakistan with air twice as polluted as that of Beijing.
A lack of clean drinking water remains a major contributor to the high mortality rate of children under five years old. According to Save the Children’s 2015 Annual Report, poor urban children in Pakistan are more likely to die young than rural children.
The challenge of global warming has also intensified in cities. A rise in concrete structures across the urban landscape is increasing temperatures within cities. In 2015, an unanticipated heat wave in Karachi led to almost 1,500 deaths. Furthermore, our healthcare has failed to provide safe checks and balances with regards to malpractice. Just a few weeks ago, a baby girl died due to malpractice. However, the
Close to 10 percent of all children in Lahore, Karachi and Peshawar remain out of school. From 2001 to 2014, the share of primary enrollment in urban private schools rose from 25 percent to 40 percent. Moreover, there seems to be an inverse relationship between public schooling and city size. In small cities, approximately 35 percent of all children aged five to nine are enrolled in government schools. In capital cities, that figure drops to 22 percent.
In rural areas, these problems are made much worse. School do not have all the facilities, the teachers are not paid enough and people do not understand the importance of it.